Stone Flooring

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Stone

Stone as a building material is practically as old as time itself. It’s cool, elegant, and timeless. The advantage to using stone flooring is that it will last forever, weathering naturally with the passing of time.

Marble

You may think of marble as coming from Italy, and it’s true that Italy is the source for some of the most beautiful marble, but it’s actually quarried all over the world. There are quite literally thousands of different types of marble. It is available in a variety of colors, and is used in a huge range of applications – not just flooring, but fireplaces, bathtubs, backsplashes and more. In order to maintain its attractive appearance, marble needs to be sealed approximately every ten years.

Travertine

Travertine is also quarried worldwide. It’s often made into tiles, and is also available as split-face mosaics for walls. Its surface is uneven, having cavities which are usually filled. It’s worth noting, however, that unfilled travertine can offer a unique appearance. When left unfilled, though, it will collect grime, and will require rigorous cleaning. With a huge range of colors and styles, there’s something for everyone with travertine.

Limestone

Limestone is a sedimentary rock, known for its uniformity in grade and texture, but also features subtle differences in the grain and the color. It is a calcareous stone that typically is light-colored with mottling due to its seashell and marine sediment content. In the Coquina variety of limestone, which originates in Mexico, you can actually see the seashells in the stone. There are darker varieties of limestone available, but they are less common, and therefore more expensive.

Slate

Slate is metamorphic rock that mainly comes from China and India. It’s actually a combination of clay, shale, mica, chlorite, calcite, and quartz. It is water-resistant, and therefore ideal for bathrooms and kitchens. It comes in a huge range of colors, including oranges, reds, golds, blues, greens, browns, mauves and black. Like travertine, it has natural clefts, but instead of being filled, the clefts are reduced by honing and polishing.